gasoline and additives encyclopedia

Gasoline and Additives Encyclopedia

GASOLINE AND ADDITIVESGasoline is the primary product made from petroleum. There are a number of distinct classes or grades of gasoline. Straight-run gasoline is that part of the gasoline pool obtained purely through distillation of crude oil. The major portion of the gasoline used in automotive and aviation is cracked gasoline obtained through the thermal or catalytic cracking of the heavier ...

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Fuel Additives Encyclopedia

FUEL ADDITIVES Gasoline is one of the most widely used and highest volume chemical mixture to which the public is exposed, which justifies intense public health scrutiny of its composition. The widespread and inherently dispersive use of fuel additives has resulted in significant global contamination, as well as occupational and environmental exposures.

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Gasoline Additive - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

Dec 31, 1990  Gasoline additives are soluble in water and may be quite mobile in the environment during gasoline spills. In the event of substantial spills of gasoline to the environment, the gasoline phase may move because of gravity until a barrier is encountered. ... I. Syed, in Encyclopedia of Toxicology (Third Edition), 2014. Environmental Fate and ...

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Gasoline - Chemistry Encyclopedia - structure, reaction ...

Gasoline is a complex mixture of molecules with a boiling range of 40–200°C (104–392°F). To produce various grades, there is a blending of many refinery components, each of which promotes specific fuel qualities such as desired octane rating, volatility, and minimization of engine deposits.

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Gasoline - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

M.A. Kamrin, in Encyclopedia of Toxicology (Third Edition), 2014 Background. Gasoline is a product of petroleum refining that varies in composition and often includes additives such as antiknock agents, antioxidants, lubricants, and detergents. Tetraethyl lead was one of these additives, and use of leaded gasoline as fuel was responsible for much of the human body burden of this metal for a ...

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Gasoline - Wikipedia

Gasoline or petrol (/ˈpɛtrəl/) (see the etymology for naming differences and the use of the term gas) is a transparent, petroleum-derived flammable liquid that is used primarily as a fuel in most spark-ignited internal combustion engines. It consists mostly of organic compounds obtained by the fractional distillation of petroleum, enhanced with a variety of additives. On average, a 160-liter (42-U.S.-gallon) barrel of crude oil can yield up to about 72 liters (19 U.S. gallons) of gasoline after processing in an oil refinery, dependin

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List of gasoline additives - Wikipedia

Fuel additives in the United States are regulated under section 211 of the Clean Air Act (as amended in January 1995). The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requires the registration of all fuel additives which are commercially distributed for use in highway motor vehicles in the United States, and may require testing and ban harmful additives. The EPA also regularly reviews the health and net economic benefits of Clean Air Act policies.

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Fuel additives and the environment

Fuel additive treatment rates are very small, and measured in mg/kg, whilst fuel consumption is measured in large volumes and is a major factor in modern society. Just as that society is changing, so are the needs and characteristics of the automotive fuels market. Page 5 of 47

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Gasoline Article about gasoline by The Free Dictionary

gasoline. US and Canadian any one of various volatile flammable liquid mixtures of hydrocarbons, mainly hexane, heptane, and octane, obtained from petroleum and used as a solvent and a fuel for internal-combustion engines. Usually petrol also contains additives such as antiknock compounds and corrosion inhibitors.

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Gasoline Additive - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

Dec 31, 1990  Gasoline additives are soluble in water and may be quite mobile in the environment during gasoline spills. In the event of substantial spills of gasoline to the environment, the gasoline phase may move because of gravity until a barrier is encountered. ... I. Syed, in Encyclopedia of Toxicology (Third Edition), 2014. Environmental Fate and ...

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List of gasoline additives Project Gutenberg Self ...

List of gasoline additives: Gasoline additives increase gasoline's octane rating or act as corrosion... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled.

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List of gasoline additives - Wikipedia

Fuel additives in the United States are regulated under section 211 of the Clean Air Act (as amended in January 1995). The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requires the registration of all fuel additives which are commercially distributed for use in highway motor vehicles in the United States , [3] and may require testing and ban harmful ...

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Gasohol Encyclopedia

May 17, 2018  gasohol A mixture of petrol (gasoline) and alcohol (i.e. typically ethanol at 10%, or methanol at 3%), used as an alternative fuel for cars and other vehicles in many countries. The ethanol is obtained as a biofuel by fermentation of agricultural crops or crop residues, for example sugar cane waste. Many cars can also use a mixture of 85% ethanol and 15% petrol, called E85.

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Top Tier Detergent Gasoline - Wikipedia

In addition to the detergent additive requirement, Top Tier gasoline cannot contain metallic additives, because they can be harmful to a car's emissions-control systems. [3] According to its auto industry research and to automotive journalists, all vehicles will benefit from using Top Tier Detergent Gasoline over gasoline meeting the basic EPA ...

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Do Fuel Additives Actually Help Your Vehicle? GEICO Living

Fuel or gasoline additives often make impressive claims about how they will improve the performance of your engine, such as “improves fuel economy by 20 percent.” That’s a pretty enticing claim, and one you might read on a bottle of fuel additive, says the Federal Trade Commission.

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Aviation Fuel Encyclopedia

AVIATION FUELAviation fuel is the fuel used to power aircraft in flight. It must satisfy the unique requirements of both the engine and the airframe of the aircraft. Currently the great majority (more than 99%) of aviation fuel used in both civil and military aircraft is jet fuel. A small quantity of aviation gasoline is still used in small aircraft.

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Amazon Best Sellers: Best Fuel Additives

K-100 MG All-in-One Gasoline Fuel Treatment Additive - Eliminates Water, Stabilizes Fuel, and Cleans Engine Fuel Systems - 32 oz. (K100-G) 4.7 out of 5 stars 388. 2 offers from $39.99 #34. Liqui Moly 20234 Speed Tec Gasoline, 0.25 l, 1 Pack 4.6 out of 5 stars 192. 16 ...

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Common ethanol fuel mixtures - Wikipedia

E10 was introduced nationwide in Thailand in 2007, and replaced 91 octane pure gasoline in that country in 2013.; E10 is commonly available in the Midwestern United States.It was also mandated for use in all standard automobile fuel in the state of Florida by the end of 2010. Due to the phasing out of MTBE as a gasoline additive and mainly due to the mandates established in the Energy Policy ...

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gasoline Definition, Uses, Facts Britannica

Gasoline is a complex mixture of hundreds of different hydrocarbons. Most are saturated and contain 4 to 12 carbon atoms per molecule. Gasoline used in automobiles boils mainly between 30° and 200° C (85° and 390° F), the blend being adjusted to altitude and season. Aviation gasoline contains smaller proportions of both the less-volatile ...

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40 CFR § 80.141 - Interim detergent gasoline program ...

(iii) [Reserved] (iv) “Effect on Intake Valve Deposits of Ethanol and Additives Common to the Available Ethanol Supply”, Clifford Shilbolm et al., SAE Technical Paper Series No. 902109, 1990. (2) Fuel Injector Deposit Test Procedures: (i) “Test Method for Evaluating Port Fuel Injector (PFI) Deposits in Vehicle Engines”, March 1, 1991, Section 2257, Title 13, California Code of Regulations.

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Commercial gasoline Article about Commercial gasoline by ...

Gasoline. a mixture of light liquid hydrocarbons obtained during the distillation of petroleum or the separation of industrial gases. Gasoline is a readily combustible and dangerously explosive liquid that is used as a fuel for carburetor internal-combustion engines (natural gasoline with a boiling range of 30° C to 200° C), as a solvent for ...

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Methanol fuel - Wikipedia

Methanol fuel is an alternative [biofuel] for internal combustion and other engines, either in combination with gasoline or independently. Methanol (C H 3 O H) is less expensive to produce sustainably than ethanol fuel, although it is generally more toxic and has lower energy density.For optimizing engine performance and fuel availability, however, a blend of ethanol, methanol and petroleum is ...

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Gasoline - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Gasoline / ˈ ɡ æ s ə l iː n /, or petrol / ˈ p ɛ t r ə l /, is a toxic, clear liquid that is mostly used as a fuel in internal combustion engines.It is made by boiling petroleum, a fossil fuel.In a distillation process, petroleum is heated to a very high temperature, then it separates into its components, one of them is gasoline.This is an expensive process. It is made mostly of octane ...

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Gasoline_additive

Gasoline additives increase gasoline's octane rating or act as corrosion inhibitors or lubricators, thus allowing the use of higher compression ratios for greater efficiency and power, however some carry heavy environmental risks. Types of additives include metal deactivators, corrosion inhibitors, oxygenates and antioxidants.

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Gasoline - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

M.A. Kamrin, in Encyclopedia of Toxicology (Third Edition), 2014 Background. Gasoline is a product of petroleum refining that varies in composition and often includes additives such as antiknock agents, antioxidants, lubricants, and detergents. Tetraethyl lead was one of these additives, and use of leaded gasoline as fuel was responsible for much of the human body burden of this metal for a ...

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Registered Gasoline Additives US EPA

May 11, 2021  Registered Gasoline Additives. Fuel additives are compounds formulated to enhance the quality and efficiency of fuels. Gasoline additives typically increase gasoline octane rating or act as corrosion inhibitors or lubricants. Gasoline and gasoline additives produced and commercially distributed for use in highway motor vehicles must be registered.

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Fuel additive Article about fuel additive by The Free ...

According to the company, the sales of the DiesoLiFT product line, the proprietary fuel additive formulations for increasing fuel economy in diesel fuel and bio-diesel fuel blends, for the first three quarters of 2014 rose almost 600% over the first three quarters of 2013.

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List of Gasoline Additives - Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia

Gasoline additives increase gasoline's octane rating or act as corrosion inhibitors or lubricants, thus allowing the use of higher compression ratios for greater efficiency and power. Types of additives include metal deactivators, corrosion inhibitors, oxygenates and antioxidants.

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Registered Fuels Fuel Additives Under Part 79 US EPA

Mar 01, 2021  Registered Fuels Fuel Additives Under Part 79 List of fuel and fuel additive registrations (FFARs) for products sold commercially for transportation use (updated monthly). Fuels

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Gasoline - encyclopedia article - Citizendium

Sep 01, 2013  Gasoline or petrol is a fuel, derived from petroleum crude oil, for use in spark-ignited internal combustion engines.Conventional gasoline is mostly a blended mixture of more than 200 different hydrocarbon liquids ranging from those containing 4 carbon atoms to those containing 11 or 12 carbon atoms. It has an initial boiling point at atmospheric pressure of about 35 °C (95 °F) and a final ...

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40 CFR § 79.56 - Fuel and fuel additive grouping system ...

(1) Fuel families. Each of the following six fuel families (Table F94-7, columns A-F) includes fuels of the type referenced in the name of the family as well as bulk and aftermarket additives which are intended for use in those fuels.When applied to fuel additives, the criteria in these descriptions refer to the associated additive/base fuel mixture, pursuant to § 79.51(h)(1).

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Antiknock Additive - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

Jan 01, 1985  Antiknock additives, anti-ORI additives, antipreignition, antimisfire, and spark-aid additives together with additives that improve fuel distribution between cylinders may be related to the group of additives influencing combustion. Most of the additives of all groups have generally a positive influence on emissions.

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gasoline Definition, Uses, Facts Britannica

Gasoline is a complex mixture of hundreds of different hydrocarbons. Most are saturated and contain 4 to 12 carbon atoms per molecule. Gasoline used in automobiles boils mainly between 30° and 200° C (85° and 390° F), the blend being adjusted to altitude and season. Aviation gasoline contains smaller proportions of both the less-volatile ...

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Gasoline additive Article about Gasoline additive by The ...

Isobutanol, like ethanol, is an alcohol, but its lower water solubility (which reduces the risk of corrosion associated with many biofuels) and higher energy density (which translates to increased miles per gallon) have created considerable interest in the compound's potential use as a gasoline additive and even a gasoline replacement.

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Aviation Fuel Encyclopedia

AVIATION FUELAviation fuel is the fuel used to power aircraft in flight. It must satisfy the unique requirements of both the engine and the airframe of the aircraft. Currently the great majority (more than 99%) of aviation fuel used in both civil and military aircraft is jet fuel. A small quantity of aviation gasoline is still used in small aircraft.

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Gasoline - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Gasoline / ˈ ɡ æ s ə l iː n /, or petrol / ˈ p ɛ t r ə l /, is a toxic, clear liquid that is mostly used as a fuel in internal combustion engines.It is made by boiling petroleum, a fossil fuel.In a distillation process, petroleum is heated to a very high temperature, then it separates into its components, one of them is gasoline.This is an expensive process. It is made mostly of octane ...

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Fuel additive Project Gutenberg Self-Publishing - eBooks ...

World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. My Account Register Help

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